Here are a couple of more and really useful information about science behind #colors and the connection with the Seasonal Color Analysis system :)
You probably remember those days in your childhood when you’ve started drawing with colorful pencils. Then in school, you’ve learned more about colors: there are three primary colors, red-yellow-blue, and the others are only the combinations of them.
In history, several artists and scientists examined the colors and their effects and you can find many books in this subject.
Sir Isaac Newton invented the first #colorwheel and he split white sunlight into red, orange, yellow, green, cyan, and blue beams.
Later Johann Wolfgang Goethe began studying psychological effect of colors and created his own color wheel.
|Goethe's color wheel, 1809|
Johannes Itten developed the current form of color theory. He created 'color chords' and modified the color wheel. Itten's color wheel base on red, yellow, and blue colors as the primary triad and includes twelve hues.
Albert Munsell invented his color system in 1903 and published his theory in his book: System of Color Notation in 1905. Munsell's system of color measurement is widely accepted in the world. He introduced three characteristics of colors: hue or undertone, value or depth and chroma or clarity.
The main traits of colors
An average person should know just the following principles to find her way in the world of colors. These information will give you a better understanding of the concept behind the #seasonalcoloranalysis as well.
According to Itten's color wheel there are three groups of colors:
1. The primary colors:
These colors are red, blue and yellow. These shades are the core ones that can create many more after combining them together.
2. The secondary colors:
These colors are purple, green and orange. They are created by mixing two primary colors: red + yellow = orange; red + blue = purple; blue + yellow = green.
3. The tertiary colors:These are the colors with two names :) orange-yellow, red-orange, violet-red, blue-violet, blue-green, yellow-green. They born by mixing a primary color with a secondary one.
And now let's see the characteristic of colors using the Munsell's system:
Hue is the pure color without any addition of black, white or gray. The colors can have undertone which may be warm (yellow-based) or cool (blue-based). Some colors could be seen medium toned next to another shade.
Value or depth shows if the color is light or dark. The depth of a color could be achieved by adding white or black to a pure color.
Shade is the quality of a color if black is added to it while tint is the trait of a pure color plus white.
Chroma or clarity shows how a color reflects to light. Some are bright and clear, while others are muted and soft. You can saturate or tone down a pure color by adding gray to it.
Note: pure white contains all colors while black has none of them. The mix of these two is gray which changes the tone of each color.
Why is it important to know?
As I mentioned in the introductory part, your hair, eyes and skin color determines your #seasonalpalette. Your dominant characteristic could be described with the same qualities as the colors have – warm or cool, dark or light, clear or soft or the combination of them.
When you in a store and fall in love with a blouse or top, you can easily decide on buy it or not, if you recognize the main qualities of its color. If it has a cool shade but you are a warm type, you have to search for a right color or leave it...
Keep in mind what Carol Jackson said:
You can wear almost any color; it’s the shade and intensity that matters.
Color your life and browse marvelous colorful photos in my Pinterest board: